Grant: $606,397 - National Institutes of Health - Sep. 16, 2009
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Award Description: Significant effort has been committed to developing efficacious alcohol interventions for college students, while little attention has been paid to the needs of the majority of high school seniors who transition to work rather than a four-year college. The long-term objective of this research is to reduce heavy drinking and its consequences among this understudied population. In this 4-year R01 application, we propose to test the efficacy of a Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI) for reducing drinking and related negative consequences in 306 non-college-bound students graduating from traditional public high schools. BMI will be compared to an Alcohol Education (AE) comparison condition in the context of a randomized clinical trial. Outcomes will be evaluated at 6 weeks and 6 months post-intervention to evaluate short- and longer-term intervention effects. As secondary aims, we will also test the effects of BMI on the probability of subsequent help seeking, the use of drinking reduction strategies, the impact of drinking on work performance, the participation in and enjoyment of alcohol-related versus alcohol-free activities, and life satisfaction. This trial is also specifically designed to test a number of potential mediators that may explain how BMI exerts influence on drinking behavior, including BMI's effects on motivation to change drinking, discrepancy-related processes (e.g., actual-ideal drinking discrepancy; cognitive dissonance), self-efficacy, intention/commitment to behavior change, and perceived drinking norms. Finally, the proposed research will examine individual differences that may be related to BMI efficacy including gender, baseline levels of alcohol use and depressive symptoms, and peer drinking. This research fills a gap in the research literature by providing a test of BMI in an understudied population. In the context of this efficient design, we will also contribute to existing knowledge of BMI by testing its effects on previously unexplored secondary outcomes, and testing how and for whom it may influence drinking and related consequences. Project Narrative More than 1 in 3 non-college-bound young adults drink heavily during their senior year of high school. Left untreated, many will experience alcohol-related health, social, and legal problems, and some will develop more severe drinking problems, eventually requiring intensive treatment services. Brief motivational interventions (BMI) have been widely tested with heavy drinking college students and shown to reduce heavy drinking in that population. The proposed research would test the effects of BMI specifically in the under-studied and under-treated population of heavy drinking non-college young adults.
Project Description: The goal of this research is to reduce underage heavy drinking and its consequences among non-college-bound underage drinkers during their transition out of high school. We will test the efficacy of Brief Motivational Interviewing (BMI) for reducing heavy drinking and related problems in this population. Significant research effort and resources have been committed to developing efficacious interventions for the minority of underage heavy drinkers (i.e., 31% of 18-24 year olds) who attend 4-year colleges, while relatively little attention has been paid to the needs of the majority of underage heavy drinkers (69%) who transition from high school to a variety of circumstances including unemployment, employment, technical education, or 2-year college (i.e., 'non-college underage heavy drinkers). This research fills a gap in the existing literature by testing BMI with this understudied and underserved population. This project is anticipated to enroll 184 underage heavy drinkers, randomly assign them to receive either BMI or a time-matched control condition (standard alcohol education) and then to complete 6-week and 3-month follow up assessments to evaluate how each intervention worked. We just received funding for this project at the end of September 2009 and it will begin in October 2009.
Jobs Summary: Project not started (Total jobs reported: 0)
Project Status: Not Started
This award's data was last updated on Sep. 16, 2009. Help expand these official descriptions using the wiki below.