Grant: $568,179 - National Institutes of Health - Jul. 1, 2009
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Award Description: The studies address the problem of relapse of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) after umbilical cord blood transplant (UCBT). We hypothesize that the incidence of relapse following allogeneic UCBT can be reduced by targeting post-transplant minimal residual disease (MRD) with adoptively transferred donor-derived leukemia-specific T-cells. As a strategy to reproducibly generate effector cells for adoptive therapy after UCBT, we have designed a new chimeric antigen receptor (CAR), designated CD19RCD28, which re-directs the antigen specificity of T cells to the B-cell lineage-restricted cell-surface molecule CD19. Genetically-modified CD19-CAR* cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL's) are activated through chimeric CD28 and CD3, and lyse B-cell malignant target cells in a CAR-regulated manner. T-cell isolation, genetic modification, and expansion Standard Operating Procedures at MDACC will manufacture clinical cell doses in accordance with quality control/assurance standards mandated by the FDA. The studies proposed in Specific Aim #1 will evaluate the feasibility and safety of adoptive therapy using three escalating doses (108/m2-1010/m2) of donor-derived CD19RCD28+HyTK+ CTL-clones versus oligoclonal/polyclonal T-cell lines, after reduced intensity allogeneic UCBT for high-risk CD19* B-ALL. We hypothesize that the lymphodepleting preparative regimen will promote homeostatic proliferation of transferred T-cells, as well as, limit anti-transgene rejection responses. The correlative studies in Specific Aim #2 focus on delineating the magnitude and duration of persistence of transferred clones versus lines at the three prescribed T-cell dose levels using vector-specific Q-PCR and TCR spectratyping analyses on serially acquired PBMC specimens. We will also evaluate the utility of administering recombinant human IL-2 for enhancing the expansion of transferred T-cells in vivo. The correlative studies proposed in Specific Aim 3 will evaluate the bone marrow and lymph node trafficking of transferred clones versus lines, and, the functional status of transferred T-cells in these anatomic sites of B-ALL MRD. In aggregate, the results of the studies proposed will facilitate the evolution of targeting post-UCBT MRD with CD19-specific T-cells for enhanced disease-free survival of patients with B-lineage ALL, and substantiate the rationale to expand this approach to a broader array of CD19+ malignancies treated by HCT.
Project Description: Not applicable for this reporting period.
Jobs Summary: Not applicable for this reporting period. (Total jobs reported: 0)
Project Status: Not Started
This award's data was last updated on Jul. 1, 2009. Help expand these official descriptions using the wiki below.