Grant: $49,926 - National Institutes of Health - Sep. 22, 2009
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Award Description: The purpose of this supplement application is to enable the hiring of new personnel to ensure the successful, timely completion of recruitment, enrollment, and follow-up, and to complete and enhance analyses of ongoing data collection using new and reallocated funds from NCI K23 training grant CA117864. Using the K23 grant, we have created a video-based tobacco prevention intervention designed to reduce youth's intentions to initiate tobacco use by promoting positive parent-youth tobacco communication. We are testing the effectiveness of this intervention in a longitudinal randomized controlled trial (RCT) that is actively enrolling parents and youth who present t a busy, inner city emergency department (ED). We have had unexpectedly high recruitment, which has resulted in significant delays in our 6-week and 6-month follow-up rates, resultant delayed new recruitment, and the inability to conduct interim data analysis due to high research personnel costs. In addition, using reallocated funds, we would like to expand data analysis of our final dataset as it is evident that the initial theoretical model used to develop the intervention may not take into consideration all of the potential influences that shape youth smoking interventions and ultimately, determine youth smoking behavior. The Theory of Triadic influence (TTI) may provide a more comprehensive evaluation of our data that will allow us to uncover important influences that may uniquely affect smokering intentions adn it will allow us to explore if the intervention effect varies by potential contextual factors, such as youth race/ethnicity and gender. Within the framework of TTI, we are collecting data on specific constructs that are important influences on youth smoking intentions: 1) proximal: youth efficacy, youth attitudes about tobacco, and socail norms; 2) distal: quality of parent-youth communication, smoking peer attachment, parental and peer social norms, and prosmoking influences (parental and peer smoking); and 3) ultimate: parental supervision and monitoring, family structure, and anti-smoking parenting. The results will be used to develop a subsequent R01 proposal that will further refine and test teh intervention in a future large, ED-based RCT.
Project Description: No activities have been completed.
Jobs Summary: Not started (Total jobs reported: 0)
Project Status: Not Started
This award's data was last updated on Sep. 22, 2009. Help expand these official descriptions using the wiki below.