Grant: $888,716 - National Institutes of Health - Sep. 22, 2009
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Award Description: HIV/AIDS continues to be a critical public health problem in the United States and men's heterosexual behavior plays a key role; 83% of women with HIV/AIDS are infected through sex with men. Among men who have sex with women (MSW), homeless men are a population at particular risk given their higher rates of HIV/AIDS and sexual risk behaviors compared to other men. This revised proposal is in response to PA-07-147, Men's Heterosexual Behavior and HIV Infection, which encourages the examination of social and gender-based determinants of heterosexual men's sexual behavior with women. This [4 year] study of homeless men in Los Angeles shelters and meal programs will use qualitative and quantitative interviews to investigate social context and attitudes/beliefs about gender and HIV/AIDS, thus providing a more comprehensive understanding of sexual risk behavior among homeless MSW. For Aim 1, interview data will be collected from two separate samples of 30 homeless MSW. For Aims 2-4, a probability sample of 450 homeless MSW will be interviewed. The Specific Aims of this project are as follows: Aim 1. To better understand the social context of sexual risk behavior, and gender- related attitudes and beliefs, among homeless men who have sex with women through: (a) an exploratory semi-structured qualitative interview; and (b) an exploratory mixed- method interview combining a structured personal network interview and a semi- structured sexual-event interview. Aim 2. To explore whether men's personal network characteristics are associated with their gender-related attitudes/beliefs through individual-level quantitative analysis. Aim 3. To investigate how men's personal network characteristics and gender-related attitudes/beliefs are associated with their propensity toward sexual risk behavior, and the extent to which HIV-related attitudes/beliefs mediate these associations through individual-level quantitative analysis. Aim 4. To investigate how characteristics of men's specific sexual events, as well as their gender- and HIV-related attitudes/beliefs, are associated with sexual risk behavior through event-level quantitative analysis; and, for those event-level characteristics associated with sexual risk behavior, to determine how these characteristics are related to men's personal network characteristics and gender- and HIV-related attitudes.
Project Description: award recently received; as defined in project abstract
Infrastructure Description: N/A
Jobs Summary: none (Total jobs reported: 0)
Project Status: Not Started
This award's data was last updated on Sep. 22, 2009. Help expand these official descriptions using the wiki below.