Grant: $178,718 - National Institutes of Health - Aug. 31, 2009
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Award Description: This funding will allow us to promote job creation and economic development as it accelerates the pace and achievement of the scientific research as outlined in our parent grant, one of the seven NIH-funded Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers (TTURCs). In recognition of the threat that tobacco use poses to global public health, in 2003, the member countries of the World Health Organization adopted the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), the first international treaty devoted to health. As a result of the FCTC, national-level policies and programs designed to reduce tobacco use have proliferated. Good quality evaluation, including capacity to understand any differential by-country effects, will be a critical aspect of fulfilling FCTC obligations to deliver the optimum mix of evidence-based policies. The central aim of the Roswell Park TTURC has been to apply rigorous methods to evaluate the psychosocial, behavioral, and product-related impact of tobacco control policies implemented as part of the FCTC. The Roswell Park TTURC is one of the principal funding arms of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Collaborative. Since its inception in 2002, the ITC Project has conducted cohort surveys of large samples of smokers in 20 countries inhabited by over 50% of the world?s population, 60% of the world?s smokers, and 70% of the world?s tobacco users. All surveys contain questions addressing each of the demand reduction policies of the FCTC. Through this administrative supplement, we will hire two doctoral students enrolled at the State University of New York at Buffalo to perform secondary data analyses to allow us to examine whether the effects of FCTC policies on tobacco use behaviors and psychosocial mediators of behavior differ as a function of socioeconomic status. We will also examine whether SES influences tobacco use behaviors and psychosocial mediators of tobacco use in the same way in all ITC countries. The supplement will produce a series of research papers focused on six FCTC policy domains. These papers will be compiled into a journal supplement for researchers and policymakers that describes how tobacco control policies may or may not exert differential impact in different populations. These topics are outlined below. Paper FCTC Policy Domain Policy Relevant Research Questions 1. Tax and price: Are low SES smokers more likely to quit in response to price increases? Are higher SES smokers more likely to avoid paying high cigarette taxes? Are low SES smokers more likely to switch to discount brands or roll your own cigarettes? 2. Clean indoor air: Are low SES populations more likely to see secondhand smoke exposure reductions? Do population subgroups respond differently with respect to hospitality patronage, quitting, and displacement of smoking from pubs to the home? 3. Product labeling: Are product warning labels more effective in lower SES population? Does the impact of warning labels and low tar descriptor bans diminish over time? Are there gender differences in response to warning labels? 4. Cessation treatment: Has the UK policy to improve access to cessation treatments reduced SES disparities in use of evidence based treatment strategies? Is access to evidence based treatment approaches increasing the same across different SES groups? 5. Marketing: Are there differences in exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco marketing across SES groups? Have policies restricting tobacco product advertising had the same effects in different SES groups? 6. Product regulations: Are misperceptions about light cigarettes the same across SES groups? Has the removal of misleading product labeling such as light and mild had the same effects in different SES groups? What effect has establishing maximum tar levels had on smoking habits of smokers in different SES groups?
Project Description: A description of the overall purpose and expected outputs and outcomes or results, including significant deliverables and, if appropriate, units of measure. On 8/31, we received an award for the period of 8/1/09- 7/31/10. On 9/15, we placed our first student on payroll, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Social & Preventive Medicine (State University of New York at Buffalo). The second student will be placed on payroll shortly. The projected timeline is as follows: Months 1-3: 8/1/09 - 10/31/09 Develop detailed analytical plans for each paper. Months 4-8: 11/1/09 - 3/31/10 Conduct statistical analysis and interpretations. Months 9-12: 4/1/09 - 7/31/10 Produce drafts and final versions. We will meet weekly to discuss progress, issues, and guide the analyses and drafting of manuscripts. Six papers will be compiled into a journal supplement that describes the differential impact of tobacco control policies in different populations. We will assign our two students to specific papers.
Jobs Summary: The following job titles and job descriptions performed activities on this ARRA funded project. The mission of Roswell Park is to understand, prevent and cure cancer. The ARRA funding provided is to help realize this mission. Predoctoral Trainee is a training title for a full time graduate student, receiving a stipend from their graduate faculty member/major professor, for subsistence during their studies. (Total jobs reported: 1)
Project Status: Less Than 50% Completed
This award's data was last updated on Aug. 31, 2009. Help expand these official descriptions using the wiki below.