Grant: $389,400 - National Institutes of Health - Sep. 30, 2009
No votes have been cast for this award yet
Award Description: Our research into the pathophysiology of presbyopia, the age-related loss of the eye's ability to focus on near objects, has found evidence in a monkey model that the aging ciliary muscle is restricted in accommodative movement by its posterior elastic attachments. In the Parent R21 grant application, our goal is to determine the role of the posterior zonule in accommodation and presbyopia. In this supplement application (Notice number: NOT-OD-09-058) we wish to expand our investigation by determining the role of the choroid, another of the ciliary muscle's posterior elastic attachments, in restricting the accommodative movement of the ciliary muscle with age. Human accommodative amplitude (the ability of the eye to focus on near objects) declines progressively with age, beginning in the second decade of life and perhaps earlier, and is completely gone by age 50-55 years. No individual appears exempt, making presbyopia (literally, 'old eye') the most common ocular affliction in the world. Although certainly not a blinding condition, and correctable by various optical means, presbyopia's cost in devices and lost productivity is substantial. Although much useful and relevant information has been garnered from studies in living and postmortem human eyes, the invasive techniques required to answer some of the most critical questions cannot be employed in the living human. While the eyes of subprimate species either do not accommodate or accommodate by mechanisms very different from that of the human, the accommodative apparatus of the rhesus monkey eye is very similar to that of the human eye.   Rhesus accommodation declines on a relative time scale that is essentially identical to that of the human. Our group has utilized the rhesus monkey to contribute significant new information relevant to presbyopia pathophysiology. In this model, we have demonstrated that the ciliary body excursion during accommodation diminishes with age, probably due to an age-related decrease in elasticity of the posterior attachments.[7, 8] This restricts the degree of accommodative amplitude. We have also shown that the movement of the lens equator decreases with age, again resulting in reduced accommodative amplitude.[7, 8] Further, although histological data from excised postmortem human eyes shows the older human ciliary body at rest in an anterior/inward position, we have preliminary imaging data that suggest this may not be the case in vivo (see Preliminary Studies). Classical teaching attributes presbyopia to 'lenticular sclerosis,' or 'lens hardening,'[2, 9-15] so that the lens cannot change shape, but the definitive mechanism that results in presbyopia remains elusive. In search of a way to restore some degree of accommodative amplitude, we hypothesize that age-related immobility of the muscle is due to posterior restriction. Further, if these posterior restrictions are eliminated, mobility of the muscle can be restored and facilitate the function of accommodating intraocular lenses (IOLs). PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Our goal is to determine what role the extralenticular tissues play in the pathophysiology of age- related ciliary muscle immobility in the non-human primate, and to determine whether the resulting model is relevant to human presbyopia. This may be crucial in enabling the function of next- generation intraocular lenses (IOLs).
Project Description: See Award Description
Jobs Summary: The University of Wisconsin - Madison appreciates the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding. This additional funding will allow the University to retain employees and create new jobs. It is anticipated that the job classifications that will be created or retained for this award will be: Lead Researchers, Associate Researchers (including post doctoral research), Graduate Student Research Assistants, Undergraduate Student Research Assistants, Administrative Support positions, and/or Technical Support positions. (Total jobs reported: 0)
Project Status: Not Started
This award's data was last updated on Sep. 30, 2009. Help expand these official descriptions using the wiki below.